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Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan and as federally administrated as the part of Islamabad Capital Territory. The city was built to replace Karachi as the capital on 14 August 1967, exactly after 20 years of independence.

  • It is close to the military headquarter in Rawalpindi.
  • It is hard for enemies to crash from North, East, and West as it is surrounded by mountains in all these directions.
  • It lies close in the foothills of the Himalayas giving it an advantageous position to defend.
  • If the Indian army crash It would have to pass hundreds of miles of competitive land and ross many rivers and canals to reach Islamabad.
  • As the population growth of Karachi brought the clash and had become too unstable socially and politically too install a government in it.


The capital of Pakistan is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the northeastern part of the country, between Rawalpindi District and the Maragalla Hills National Park to the north the heartland of the army. Islamabad covers a total surface area of 906.5 square kilometers. It is surrounded by the supporters of Pakistan army the Pothwaris from north-west Punjab, the Paharis from Azad Kashmir, and the Hazarwals of KPK.



Islamabad the capital, in combination with the current estimated number of residents, the population density 2 comes about 2,089 people residing per square kilometer. Islamabad and it is neighbor Rawalpindi from Islamabad- Rawalpindi metropolitan area which has a population of over 4.5 million.



Islamabad has several landmarks including the Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in South Asia, and the fourth largest in the world. Other landmark includes Pakistan’s National Monument and Democracy Square.


Educational and Health care:

The Islamabad is known for its educational status it has twenty universities, including the Bahira University, Quaid-e-Azam University, PIEAS, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, and NUST. The capital of Pakistan has the highest literacy rate at 98% and it has many well-known and most advanced educational institutes. The higher number of institutes are either federally chartered or administration. Most of the school and higher educational institutes are affiliated with Federal -administration.


Being the capital of the country health services are available in abundance in different hospitals. It has both private and public medical centers. PIMS is the largest of all, followed by Shifa international, polyclinic, Kulsoom hospital, Ali medical, Al-maroon International, Capital hospital.

Sports complex:

Capital of Pakistan, Islamabad has a multipurpose sports complex that includes Liaquat Gymnasium for indoor games, Mushaf Squash Complex, and Jinnah Stadium for outdoor games and also has the spot of rocks climbing in Margalla hills.


Tourism Point:

The capital of Pakistan has so many tourism points like Faisal Mosque which is an important cultural landmark of the city and that attracts many tourists daily. The Pakistan Monument is another landmark which attracts lots of tourist because of patriotism and sovereignty. Islamabad has many famous and prestigious museums such as the Lok Virsa Museum, Institute of Folk and Traditional Heritage Shakarparian Park, and prominent galleries such as the National Art Gallery and Gallery 6.



Islamabad the capital of Pakistan has a humid subtropical climate. This city faces all four seasons. Winter in November to February, Spring in March and April, Summer in May and June, Rainy Monsoon in July and August and Autumn in September and October. In Islamabad, the wettest month is July, with heavy rainfall and evening with a thunderstorm with cloud bursting. Islamabad received a record-breaking 620 mm (24 in) of rainfall in just 10 hours.


Administration agency:

The capital city of Pakistan is also known as ICT administration (Islamabad Capital Territory administration) or Islamabad administration, is the civil administration and order agency of the federal -capital. The local government authority of the capital of Pakistan is Islamabad Metropolitan authority with some of the help of Capital development authority they take care of all domestic, planning, developing, construction and administration of the city.



Islamabadi tends to follow the latest fashion all over the country and aboard. This city is elites to spend huge amounts of money on branded clothes despite wearing Shalwar Kameez. They wear whatever suits their style.


Law and order:

The capital of Pakistan is the safest place to live. Being the capital the law and order situation here is very good. People living in other parts of the country migrate to Islamabad to improve their standard of living. The capital of Pakistan has an expansive surveillance system with 1,900 CCTV cameras. The capital of Pakistan has attracted people from all over Pakistan by its beauty and cleanliness making it one of the most cosmopolitan and urbanized cities of Pakistan.



Capital of Pakistan territory is divided into eight zones which are   Administrative Zone, Commercial District, Educational Sector, Industrial Sector, Diplomatic Enclave, Residential Areas, Rural Areas, and Green Area.


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Abdul Jabbar Khan

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